《台灣女科技人電子報》067期—好文/好書推薦

好文/好書推薦

《數學女孩:隨機演算法》

作者:結城 浩
譯者:陳冠貴
出版社世茂
出版日期:2013

內容簡介

  將數學以小說形式,呈現給讀者,就是「數學女孩」系列最為迷人的風景。

  繼費馬最後定理、哥德爾不完備定理之後,日本數學小說家結成 浩的最新創作「數學女孩──隨機演算法」終於出版。

  本書藉由五位主角──高中男生「我」、由梨、麗莎、蒂蒂和米爾迦學姊,從玩骰子引發「機率」問題開始,在循序解說「隨機演算法」的過程中,編織出青春動人的故事。

  「在選擇自己畢生研究的名字的機會時,
  很少有得天獨厚的人。可是,在1960年代,
  我必須創造【演算法的分析】這個新名詞。
  原因是,我打算要做的事,
  無法以既有用語適切地表達。」

─高德納(Donald Ervin Knuth)

本書重點

  2011《數學女孩∕費馬最後定理》.2012《數學女孩∕哥德爾不完備定理》
  2013日本高中生的迷人的數學物語 第三彈

  機率與電腦,深而不可思議的關係?
  「我」與四位少女,挑戰隨機演算法的世界

  我──不是孤獨一人;
  每個人都要獨自面對「自己的問題」,
  世界上的「小數學家」們,正在埋頭於各自的問題,
  因此、因此,我不孤獨。
  即使面臨的問題不同,我也絕對、絕對不孤獨。

  屬於校園的青澀記憶,
  由梨、麗莎、蒂蒂和米爾迦學姊,
  即使遇到不明白的數學,
  也會陪伴著你一起往前走。

作者簡介

結城 浩

  1963年生。執筆寫作有關程式語言、設計模式、密碼、數學等等領域的入門書。最新著作是「數學女孩系列」。是一個最喜歡巴哈的「賦格的藝術」作品的新教基督徒。出版有2011《數學女孩∕費馬最後定理》,2012《數學女孩∕哥德爾不完備定理》,2013《數學女孩∕隨機演算法》(世茂出版)。

譯者簡介

陳冠貴

  專職日文譯者,台大日文系雙修中文系畢業,譯作橫跨手工藝、小說、生活、商管類等各領域。自我期許能優游於中日文之間,帶給讀者閱讀無礙的文字饗宴。


《韋伯學思路:學術作為一種志業》

作者:Fritz Ringer
譯者:簡惠美
出版社群學
出版日期:2013

內容簡介

以韋伯生平為經、學術作品為緯,交織出波瀾壯闊的學術人生

  韋伯的學術生涯起步於法律史與經濟史研究,並曾組織農業狀況大調查,30歲即取得教授職位。但後來卻飽受憂鬱症的煎熬且因而失去大學教職,大半生都安於私學者的角色。然而,他在病發間歇期間仍同時著手數個研究計畫,最終交出令人眩目驚心的豐碩成果。此外,在籌組德國社會學學會、力挺國會改革、批判種族歧視、反對軍事擴張等行動中,都能看見他的實踐身影。56歲便英年早逝的他,充分體現了生命的掙扎與奮進。

  Fritz Ringer作為社會史與思想史學者,教授韋伯著作超過四十年,他以極大的熱情為年輕學子提供汲取韋伯知識遺產的路徑。《韋伯學思路》不僅讓韋伯和作品回到其時其地的脈絡中,也讓韋伯和作品向此時此地的我們說話。這樣的呈現令我們相信,韋伯不只是德國的、歐洲的、西方的。這位二十世紀最具創造力和影響力的知識分子,留給我們的是無盡的思想啟發與精神鼓舞。他對於官僚制和資本主義的反省批判、對「學術作為一種志業」的懇切倡議,將永遠迴盪在我們的閱讀中。

作者簡介

Fritz Ringer

  1934年出生於德國,1947年移居美國,1961年獲得哈佛大學博士學位。曾任教於印地安那大學、波士頓大學及匹茲堡大學。主要研究興趣為德國及歐洲的社會史與思想史,早年著有The Decline of the German Mandarins、Education and Society in Modern Europe、The Rise of the Modern Educational System、Fields of Knowledge等書。1990年代起,研究範圍集中於韋伯的生平與學說,相關作品包括Max Weber’s Methodology,以及這部集其心血之作《韋伯學思路》(Max Weber: An Intellectual Biography)。

譯者簡介

簡惠美

  台灣大學歷史系、史研所畢業,碩士論文《韋伯論中國:〈中國的宗教〉初探》。德國海德堡大學社會學系研究,譯有韋伯著作多種。


《Gender and Science: Studies Across Cultures》

作者:Neelam Kumar
出版社:Cambridge University Press India Pvt. Ltd.
出版日期:2012

內容簡介

Science has been gender biased for centuries across cultural contexts. Different ideological constructions of gender through different eras have restricted women’s access to science. The twentieth century, especially its second half, witnessed certain important changes in terms of women’s status in society. Gender and Science: Studies across Cultures includes essays by leading academics and researchers from different parts of the world, who discuss gender and science in their society and explore the relevance of gender theories. The book is divided into two broad sections. The first section provides conceptual reflections on gendered science and the second section examines the gender-science relationship using examples from various cultural contexts.

This unique volume tries to answer several important questions such as these:
• Could science become free from gender biases?
• Could gender and science issues go beyond race, class, colonization and social and geographical distinctions?
• Are gender and science relations universal as assumed by the ‘ethos of science’ or vary with the culture?

The book also tries to strike a balance between analyses of the gender dimension of science itself and the role of the wider social, economic and cultural factors.

This interdisciplinary volume will be an important resource for graduate students and research scholars of gender studies, social history, psychology and sociology. Those interested in gender and science as well as cross-cultural issues will also find this book useful.



Contents
List of Contributors
Acknowledgements
Introduction: Reflections and Realities across Cultures
Neelam Kumar

Section I: Approaches and Perspectives
1. Getting More Women into Science: Knowledge Issues
2. Gender Imbalance in Science: Cultural Similarities and Differences
3. Gender and Technology
4. Gender, Science, and the Psychology of Science
5. Women and Minorities in Science: Discrimination and the Solution

Section II: Illustrative Examples
6. Women and Science in the Netherlands: A Dutch Case
7. Japanese Women Scientists: Trends and Strategies
8. Saudi Women: Their Role in Science and Education
9. Changing the Facts: Gender Dimensions of the South African Public Science System
10. Demographic Inertia and the Glass Ceiling in American Science (1979–2000)
11. Women in Science in France
12. Women and Science: Issues and Perspectives in the Indian Context


Conclusion: The Persistent Patterns!
Bibliography
Index

《Blueprint for the Future: Framing the Issues of Women in Science in a Global Context: Summary of a Workshop》

作者:Committee on Status and Participation of Women in STEM Disciplines and Careers (Author), Policy and Global Affairs (Author), National Research Council (Author), Catherine Jay Didion (Editor), Lisa M. Frehill (Editor), Willie Pearson (Editor)
出版社:National Academies Press
出版日期:2012

內容簡介

The scientific work of women is often viewed through a national or regional lens, but given the growing worldwide connectivity of most, if not all, scientific disciplines, there needs to be recognition of how different social, political, and economic mechanisms impact women's participation in the global scientific enterprise. Although these complex sociocultural factors often operate in different ways in various countries and regions, studies within and across nations consistently show inverse correlations between levels in the scientific and technical career hierarchy and the number of women in science: the higher the positions, the fewer the number of women. Understanding these complex patterns requires interdisciplinary and international approaches. In April 2011, a committee overseen by the National Academies' standing Committee on Women in Science, Engineering, and Medicine (CWSEM) convened a workshop entitled, "Blueprint for the Future: Framing the Issues of Women in Science in a Global Context" in Washington, D.C. CWSEM's goals are to coordinate, monitor, and advocate action to increase the participation of women in science, engineering, and medicine. The scope of the workshop was limited to women's participation in three scientific disciplines: chemistry, computer science, mathematics, and statistics. The workshop presentations came from a group of scholars and professionals who have been working for several years on documenting, analyzing, and interpreting the status of women in selected technical fields around the world. Examination of the three disciplines-chemistry, computer science, and mathematics and statistics-can be considered a first foray into collecting and analyzing information that can be replicated in other fields. The complexity of studying science internationally cannot be underestimated, and the presentations demonstrate some of the evidentiary and epistemological challenges that scholars and professionals face in collecting and analyzing data from many different countries and regions. Blueprint for the Future: Framing the Issues of Women in Science in a Global Context summarizes the workshop presentations, which provided an opportunity for dialogue about the issues that the authors have been pursuing in their work to date.